Performance Evaluation of Palm Kernel Shell Adsorbents …

Studies were carried out on Palm Kernel Shell, an agricultural waste available in large quantity in Nigeria, to evaluate its ability to remove phosphorus from wastewater. The adsorbents, which were prepared from Palm Kernel Shells (PKN), were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).

Preparation of charcoal briquette from palm kernel shells ...

2020-10-16 · Palm kernel shell as one of the by-products accruing from oil palm pro-cessing can be suitably converted to renewable energy to meet the de-mand of the ever-growing population of fuelwood and charcoal (Agyei et al., 2019). Palm kernel shells as a form of renewable energy have not been adequately investigated in Ghana; therefore, this project ...

The study of palm kernel shell updraft gasification for ...

The study of palm kernel shell updraft gasification for supplying heat to an asphalt mixing plant. S H Pranolo 1, J Waluyo 1, A Setiawan 2, H Hidayat 1 and W P Hati 1. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 1098, Chemical Engineering Citation S H Pranolo et al 2021 IOP Conf ...

A Study on the Utilization of Coconut Shell as Coarse ...

2019-7-1 · aggregate exhibited a higher compressive strength than palm kernel shell concrete in the two mix proportions. Abdulfatah and Saleh [2] conducted experiments to determine the suitability of coconut shell as full replacement for coarse aggregate in concrete works. A total of 72 concrete cubes of

Palm Kernel Shells as a partial replacement for Sand in ...

The study explores and compares the properties of masonry blocks produced with palm kernel shell (PKS) as partial replacement to the traditional sandcrete blocks in an attempt to establish the percentage replacement of PKS that yields properties and characteristics that meets acceptable standards. After a review of relevant literatures, samples of materials required were collected …

The Use of Sawdust and Palm kernel Shell as Substitute …

2013-1-28 · Palm kernel shells as a local material: Palm kernel shells are the crushed outer part of palm kernel nut derived after the extraction of palm oil. Palm kernel shell (PKS) is the hard endocarp of palm kernel fruit that surround the palm seed. It is obtain as crushed pieces after threshing or crushing to remove the seed which is used in the

Palm Kernel Shell as an effective adsorbent for the ...

2019-12-12 · Palm kernel shell (PKS) of oil palm is useful material to be applied as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metal ions, as the good quality of organic …

Palm Kernel Shell | Scientific

Abstract: The adsorption ability of powdered activated carbons (PAC) derived from palm kernel shell (PKS) was investigated. PAC was prepared by chemical activation method using ZnCl 2 as an activating agents. The adsorption studies of Hg(II) was carried out under control condition with constant pH, solution temperature (30 °C), treatment time (90 min) and absorbent dosage (2.0 …

APPLICATION OF RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY …

2017-10-22 · Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) present in the industrial wastewater can be removed using activated carbon produced from palm kernel shell. In this study, three factors namely activation temperature, impregnation ratio of potassium hydroxide to precursor and activation contact time were investigated for the preparation of activated carbon from palm kernel shell (ACPKS) as …

Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel ...

2018-12-5 · compounds. Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) is a by-product in palm oil mills. This ash has pozzolanic properties that enables it as a partial replacement for cement but also plays an important role in the strength and durability of concrete. The use of palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as a partial replacement for cement in concrete is investigated.

Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Palm …

2019-7-1 · the use of palm kernel shell as partial replacement of coarse aggregates. The concrete which is produced is Cost effective as the specific gravity of palm kernel shell is low as compared to other available coarse aggregate [1] and can be used in building construction also, it is also lightweight concrete [2,3].

Soil Burial Study of Palm Kernel Shell-Filled Natural ...

different polarities. Palm kernel shell is compatible with other natural fibers, which are hydrophilic, while natural rubber is hydrophobic (Ali Shah et al. 2013). Thus, to improve the interfacial adhesion and the compatibility between palm kernel shell and natural rubber, a silane coupling agent has been introduced into the system.

Palm Kernel Shell – Hoong Chan

Palm kernel shell has become one of the valueable commodity in palm oil industry, many usage or application has been developed. Due to high calorific value of palm kernel shell, this commodity has been one of the key biomass material in order to replace fossil fule for steam power plant, however due to more and more study conducted, it value ...

Estimation of Elastic Properties of Oil Palm Kernel Shell ...

2019-9-8 · Despite its importance as one of the key parameters in the design of structural elements, the modulus of elasticity (MoE) is one of the least researched areas in oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) concrete. In the present study, we determined the MoE of OPKS concrete, using micromechanical models based on the classic approaches of homogenisation of …

Adsorption influence and isotherm studies for the removal ...

Our paper describes the potential of Palm Kernel shell as an effective biosorbent for the removal of naphthalene from aqueous solution. The adsorption isotherm studies such as Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied to the adsorption equilibrium data in order to determine adsorption efficiency of Palm Kernel shell. The maximum adsorption was carried out at a pH of 7.

A Comparative Study of the Physico-Chemical Properties …

2013-10-2 · Abstract-A comparative study of the physico-chemical properties of activated carbon of oil palm waste (palm kernel shell (PKS) and oil palm fibre (OPF)) were carried out. The properties evaluated were surface area, moisture content, pH, bulk density, pore volume, porosity, tortuocity, ash content and metal ions present in the oil palm waste.

Properties of Torrefied Palm Kernel Shell via Microwave ...

2018-11-5 · This study describes the characteristic and thermal properties of torrefied palm kernel shell (PKS) by microwave irradiation pretreatment. The microwave power level (200, 300, 450, and 600 W) and processing time (4, 8, and 12 min) were used in this study. The pretreated samples were analyzed for mass and energy yield, calorific value, proximate and elemental …

Determination Of The Compressive Strength Of Palm …

This study is on the determination of the Compressive Strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete. The effect of percentage replacements (0, 25, 50, 75 and ) of crushed granite with palm kernel shell on density and compressive strength of concrete is presented. Concrete cube specimens of mix 1:2:4 were prepared with water-cement ratio of 0.6.

Experimental Study on Palm Kernel Shells as Coarse ...

2016-9-9 · Palm kernel shell replace-ment (%) 0 25 50 75 100 7days 2397 2212 2022 1905 1673 14days 2401 2218 2039 1923 1690 21days 2407 2226 2058 1930 1698 28days 2412 2241 2063 1948 1710 The variation of density of concrete with palm kernel shell content is shown in Fig. 2. It is seen that in both mixes, the

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF THE …

2020-6-30 · Palm kernel shell (PKS) is the hard endocarp of palm kernel fruit that protects the palm seed. Palm Kernel Shell is recovered after extraction of palm oil from the mesocarp of the oil palm fruit; it is obtained as crushed pieces after threshing or crushing to remove the seed which is used in the production of palm kernel oil (Olutoge, 1995).

CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-OIL FROM PALM KERNEL …

2014-12-18 · energy efficiency fuel for boilers [17]. Meanwhile, converting palm kernel shell to bio-oil under a thermal process provides a greater benefit to use as biomass energy to replace fossil fuels, and it minimizes the disposal problems associated with the generation of agricultural by-products. In this study, the pyrolysis of palm kernel shell was ...

Production of activated carbon as catalyst support by ...

2018-3-14 · Abstract Palm kernel shell (PKS), representing an abundantly available oil palm waste in Malaysia, was transformed into activated carbon by microwave vacuum pyrolysis. PKS was first carbonized to produce biochar, followed by an activation process with chemical or water to produce chemically and physically activated carbon, respectively. The activated carbon …

Substitutional Studies of Powdered Palm Kernel Shell …

2020-5-28 · Substitutional Studies of Powdered Palm Kernel Shell (PPKS) for Carbon Black, Kaolin and Calcium Carbonate as Fillers in Natural Rubber Compounding Awatefe KJ 1*, Idibie CA, Olagbemiro TO1 and Akaranta O2 1Chemical Sciences Department, Edwin Clark University, Nigeria 2Pure and Industrial Chemistry Department, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

An Investigation on The Strength and Workability of ...

2016-9-9 · Workability of Concrete Using Palm Kernel Shell and Palm Kernel Fibre As A Coarse Aggregate Emiero, C,Oyedepo O.J Abstract— The study examined the compressive strength and workability of concrete using palm kernel shell and palm kernel fibre as a partial replacement for coarse aggregate.

Performance Evaluation of Palm Kernel Shell Adsorbents for ...

2016-9-9 · Palm kernel shell replace-ment (%) 0 25 50 75 100 7days 2397 2212 2022 1905 1673 14days 2401 2218 2039 1923 1690 21days 2407 2226 2058 1930 1698 28days 2412 2241 2063 1948 1710 The variation of density of concrete with palm kernel shell content is shown in Fig. 2. It is seen that in both mixes, the

(PDF) Responses of Soil Microbial Population and ...

Palm kernel shell and rice husk biochars maintained a significant NH4+-N and NO3-N, respectively, during the second cropping cycle. Both biochars promote the total and active diazotrophic population.

INVESTIGATION ON THE FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF PALM …

2018-8-5 · This study investigates the flexural strength of palm kernel shell concrete (PKSC) for structural applications such as beams. Standard 150 x 150 x 150mm cube size and 100 x 100 x 500mm prisms of PKSC samples were casted at 1:1:2 mix ratio at water cement ratio of 0.5, and tested at age of 7, 14, 21 and 28 days according to BS EN 12390 â ...

Palm Kernel Shell and Coarse Aggregate | Download ...

Palm kernel shell (PKS) is used as a partial replacement for fine and coarse aggregates in asphalt. Crushed palm kernel shell (CPKS) and PKS were added at 20, 40, 50, 60 and 80% by weight of total ...

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTHS OF PALM KERNEL SHELL …

2021-12-1 · COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTHS OF PALM KERNEL SHELL CONCRETE USING DIFFERENT CURING METHODS. 0. 126. Post Views: 155. CHAPTER ONE. 1.0 INTRODUCTION. To fix Concrete is to give concrete satisfactory dampness and temperature to encourage concrete hydration for a while. Appropriate restoring of cement …

PAPER OPEN ACCESS Properties of Co-Pyrolysed Palm …

2019-11-11 · Palm Kernel shell was obtained from Pandeglang, Indonesia and sieved to 3-6 mm. Palm Kernel Shell was sun-dried for two days to remove unbound water content. LDPE grocery bag was used in this study. It was cut into 2 cm size or less. Palm Kernel Shell to plastic mixture was prepared at the ratio of 1:1.